What types of honey there are?
There are different types of honey classification. Firstly honey is labeled by the plant where bees collected nectar. In the biggest number of cases bees from one hove do not always stick to one type of plant. This happens only if in the area during that time, no other plants blooming or there are large surfaces of agricultural cultures such as, sunflower, alfalfa, lavender, canola, or surfaces such as acacia forest or forest of sweet chestnut.
In certain natural conditions, in certain years, you can get relatively pure honey made from acacia, heather, sage, lavender, rosemary, sunflower, sweet chestnut and some other plants. The origin of honey related to plant spices is most reliably determined through analysis of present pollen that is always located in every honey, more or less.
According to the number of plants whose nectar is included in the honey, honey is classified in monofloral (honey made from only one plant, for example, acacia) and polyfloral honey (honey made by collecting nectar from several types of plants, such as, meadow honey, forest, etc.)
Unfortunately many consumers because of their own ignorance look exclusively honey from a certain kind of trees (acacia, linden, etc.), not knowing that mixed, that is polyfloral honey is far more healthy and cures more illness that monofloral.
According to the source from which it was made, honey can be divided into flower honey and honeydew. Flower honey comes mainly from flowers of different plants, while honeydew comes from sweet liquids that some insects expel as excessive food, feeding on the juice of the plant where they are located.
There are many types of honey, main factor in determining to which kind it belongs is the plant from which the honey was collected for it production. Some of better known types of honey are: acacia, linden, chestnut, sage etc. Every of these types are easy to differentiate by its color, taste and some other qualities.
ACACIA HONEY (Robinia pseudoacacia)
By its value acacia bee keeping falls into first place. Its choice of soil is modest, so it grows even in the weakest type of soil, even in quick sand. The biggest acacia forests are in the Southeast part of USA. When planted sparsely, acacia has a larger canopy, it is richer with flower, receives more sun light, and it produces more than acacia in forest. Blooming of acacia comes in the first half of May, while bees are still underdeveloped, so they cannot use it fully. Acacia blooms for about 12 days. For secretion of nectar warmer nights are more suited, with a lot of morning moist, and days need to be mildly warm without wind. When the weather is favorable, strong communities collect in acacia in 10 days around 50 kilograms a day. On acacia in average it can be collected around 20 kilograms of honey per one hive. In strong seasons with string acacia grazing can produce around 50 to 70 kilograms per a hive. Pure acacia honey, without additives, is very light, clear and almost colorless. It has a weak smell. It taste resembles acacia juice. It is very mild and pleasant. Mature acacia honey is thick. Of inverted sugar it contains more fruit than grape juice, and that is why it can longer maintain its liquid state. It can remain liquuid for up to a year without crystallizing. At low temperature it is sticky and stretches like a paste. It is very suited for bee hibernation.
LINDEN HONEY (Tilia L.)
There are more types of linden, but difficult to tell apart. Linden trees are nice and big, with strong nice canopies. Linden leaves are different in shape and size. Linden blooms from the mid June to the mid July. It requires nice warm days with enough moisture in the air. Mild and light rains suit for linden blooming. Linden honey is light yellow to greenish. It has a very potent smell. It has a sweet and sharp taste, but it is a little bitter. Because of its strong smell and bitterness some consumers do not like it. It crystallizes in a month or two, crating tiny crystals. It well suited for bee hibernation.
CHESTNUT HONEY (Castanea sativa M.)
Sweet chestnut grows in wild forests. Because of its fruit it is considered as fruit, and because of the place and way of growing it is considered as forest tree. Chestnut has a high and branched canopy. Leaves are extendedly oval, and edges are jagged. It starts to bloom in Jun. blooming of individual tree last around 10 days, but since all tress do not bloom at once, it extends up to 20 days. In first couple of day it creates juice in very small amounts, it produces only pollen, but if the weather is warm, with lot of moisture in the air it can produce juice very well. Bees cover the hive with pollen like on no other graze. Of total intake around half is pollen. Daily intake con be around 5 kilograms. Largest daily intake can be around 10 to 15 kilograms of honey.
Honey is yellow, with strong and sharp smell. Its taste is sweet and bitter, because of which consumers do not use it regularly. It does not crystallize for several months and it not suitable for bee hibernation.
Sage (sage, nightingale, wormwood) is a wild plant. Sage is perennial shrub from which several offspring grow up to 70 cm of heights). Leaves are narrow, round with jagged edges. Bloom lasts for about 20 days early sage begins to bloom at the end of April, first near to the sea, and after it moves inland and towards mountains, where blooming finishes in mid Jun. After Acacia linden graze is most valuable for bees. Sage produces juice the best when the weather is warm with lot of air moisture. Light rain suits it. Without sage bees could not survive in rocky are as, or it would not rentable to keep bees.
Saga honey is pleasant and somewhat bitter taste. It has smell that resembles the smell of the plant. It can hold its liquid state for a long period of time. It crystallizes in medium, large crystals, but it is never too hard. Color varies because at the same time grape vines bloom which influences the color.
Sunflower honey is highly regarded in the world. Only pure honeydew and some special homogenous of honey are in front of it. Reason for that is extremely high concentration of flower pollen and some minerals dissolved in sunflower honey. Its color varies from yellow to orange. It has a pleasant taste. It is not enough praised because of its quality to quickly crystallizes. It rarely remains in its liquid state longer than forty days. Even though it is better to consume it crystallized, because it remains longer in your mouth, the fact is that our habits are difficult to change and that supply of this type of honey on our market is relatively big, lead to the fact the sunflower honey, absolutely unjustly, repressed behind some realistically lass quality honeys.
Meadow honey has a rich and pleasant taste, and can be darker or lighter. It is especially recommended to people that are prone to pollen allergies. This honey is received from various flowers of meadow and shrub plants. By the power of various ingredients it favorably influences the children during their development, older people, and all others that need rest and additional energy. Specific structure of plants species, especially mountain ones, make the honey recognizable.
Basis of this honey is nectar from juicy plants, mainly from clover, which is planted for feeding cattle. Because of this honey is mild, clear, and almost colorless. It smells like hay and is hard. Residents of Great Britain, Canada, United States, Australia and New Zealand use it.
Not all honeydew are equal in quality. Fir tree honeydew is considered to have the highest quality. After it comes oak honeydew. Which are expelled by protective scales on the oak. Less quality is considered to have willow and beech honeydew. Honeydew is characteristic because it is enriched with minerals, because of which is highly regarded with consumers. However, for bees community honeydew is not suited for nutrition, especially during winter, because there is a lot of indigestible maters that accumulate in larger quantities in bees intestine and causes diarrhea.
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